New SEED Synbiotic probiotics UK (Pro and Prebiotic) have just arrived from the USA, so am going to try them this week

These amazing sounding new Seed Probiotics and prebiotics have just arrived from the US so will keep updated in a blog to how they go and what effect they have. see

Our Daily Synbiotic was developed for systemic benefits beyond digestive health—the first in a pipeline of scientifically-validated, next-generation products.

“Beneficial microbes can play a systems-wide role in human health alongside diet, exercise, and lifestyle. Our Daily Synbiotic reflects a commitment to reclaim the term ‘probiotics’ for science and to establish a new standard.”

Wish me luck

Kolinka Zinovieff

8th of July 2019

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The Internal Use of Essential Oils

The Internal Use of Essential Oils

by Jade Shutes

Over the years I have found the interest in the internal use of essential oils to be fascinating. While a couple of companies recommend the internal use of essential oils willy nilly without due consideration for safety, the aromatherapy industry at large simply states not to use essential oils internally.  There are few articles within the industry that shed light on what the benefits and safety considerations should be when taking essential oils internally.  Some simply imply that the internal use of essential oils is extremely dangerous or prone to causing harm.  Although I do understand the need for companies to place this on their label due to liability issues. My core interest is for self care.

This year in particular there seems to be quite a bit of interest in taking essential oils internally.  I want to understand why and how we may benefit from a deeper understanding than either camp has offered up to date.

Our inability, due to legal constraints (although I cannot say I actually know of a single law that states this), to recommend the internal use of essential oils in the treatment of a ‘dis-ease’ in another should not, I believe, dictate our ability and need to understand how and why we would want to use essential oils this way to self treat, should we feel confident to do so. In fact, based upon the growing interest and indeed the growing use of essential oils internally, I believe it is becoming imperative that we in the aromatherapy industry develop a better understanding and richer knowledge base regarding the internal use of essential oils.

Although I am not a strong advocate of taking essential oils internally without just cause, I have used essential oils for myself and friends in vaginal and rectal suppositories for specific conditions (e.g. in the treatment of respiratory infections and hemorrhoids), cough syrups, teas and sometimes in a spoonful of honey.  Each year I make up a supply of cough syrup containing herbal and aromatic ingredients. I always use my own essential oil based mouth wash and drink a fair amount of herbal teas (thereby taking essential oils internally as well) including fennel  and other aromatic plant teas.

FYI: However, the amount of fennel oil (and hence anethole) passing from comminuted or crushed fennel fruit into teas and aqueous infusions,- the time-honoured way of taking fennel fruit – is relatively low. It has been shown that only about 10% of the oil passes into a fennel tea infusion [Fehr 1982]. From the European Medicines Agency Post-authorisation Evaluation of Medicines for Human Use   **My own note: Fennel seeds contain 1-4% essential oil content so if you use 1 gram of dried fennel: how much essential oil would that be at 10%?  Answer correctly and you will receive the Aromatherapeutic Math Award for the year!

My goal is to shed some light on the subject.

Before entering this rather lengthy topic, let us clarify what internal use is.

  • Taking essential oil internally via the mouth
  • Utilizing suppositories (either vaginal or rectal)
  • And even swishing an essential oil based mouthwash around in the mouth
  • Utilizing essential oils in other orifices: nose (think nasya), ears, and eyes (not essential oils!)

And as an important note:
The German Commission E has approved specific essential oils for internal use.( These include the following:

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Miller var. vulgare (Miller)
 is approved by the German Commission E for Peptic discomforts, such as mild, spastic disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, feeling of fullness, flatulence.  Catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract.  Its core actions include: Stimulation of gastrointestinal motility.  In higher concentrations, antispasmodic.  Experimentally, anethole and fenchone have shown a secretolytic action on the respiratory tract.

Fennel honey is recommended for catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract in children. Fennel honey is made by adding 0.5 grams of fennel essential oil to a kilogram of honey. Daily dosage is 10-20 grams a day.

Daily dosage of the essential oil is: 0.1 – 0.6 ml, equivalent to 0.1 – 0.6 g of herb.  Safety concerns: Fennel preparations should not be used on a prolonged basis (several weeks) without consulting a physician or pharmacist. The internal use of fennel essential oil is contraindicated during pregnancy (use herbal tea instead) and for infants/toddlers.

Anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) is used internally for dyspeptic complaints. Average daily dose of the essential oil is:  0.3 g for adults.

Caraway (Carum carvi L.) is indicated for Dyspeptic problems, such as mild, spastic condition of the gastrointestinal tract, flatulence and fullness.  Daily recommended dose is 3-6 drops. No contraindications listed.

Cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum verum J.S.  Presl syn.  C.  zeylanicum Blume) is indicated for: loss of appetite, dyspeptic complaints such as mild, spastic condition of the gastrointestinal tract, bloating, flatulence.  Its main actions include:  Antibacterial, fungistatic, and it promotes motility

Daily dosage is: 0.05 – 0.2 g of essential oil.  Safety: frequent allergic reactions on the skin and mucosa are noted. It is contraindicated during pregnancy and for those who have an allergy to cinnamon or peruvian balsam.  IMPORTANT NOTE: Cinnamon bark must be placed in an appropriate carrier oil and capsule to prevent burning of the digestive tract when taken internally!

Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus species including E. globulusE. radiata) Internal and external:for catarrhs of the respiratory tract.  It is contraindicated when there is Inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and bile ducts and for individuals with severe liver diseases. Average daily internal dosage is 0.3 – 0.6 g eucalyptus oil. Potential side affects, although rare, include: nausea, vomiting and diarrhea may occur after ingestion of eucalyptus preparations.

Lavandula flos. (Lavandula angustifolia) is indicated for internal use for: Mood disturbances such as restlessness or insomnia, functional abdominal complaints (nervous stomach irritations, Roehmheld syndrome, meteorism, nervous intestinal discomfort).  Daily dose is: Lavender oil: 1 – 4 drops (ca.  20 – 80 mg), e.g., on a sugar cube.


Medicine is typically measured in grams and milligrams.  There are 1000mg in 1 gram. According to my own measuring: 1 drop of essential oil can be (in general) .02 to .03 grams or 20-30 milligrams or 20000 micrograms (µg). Good thing to keep in mind when reading research papers.

So lets begin……..

We all take a certain amount of essential oils internally each day through our food and drinks. Essential oils and numerous components derived from them are widely use in many foods and beverages for flavoring and food preservation.

Essential oils from herbs and spices (oregano, sage, rosemary, thyme, etc.) have been used with an amount ranging from 0.1 to 1% EO volume per food weight (v/w) to reduce lipid oxidation of foodstuffs. It has been shown that the use of these EOs contributes also to the development of a pleasant odor and favorable taste to consumers. (Chemat, et. al.)

Essential Oils and individual components in Food Flavouring substances are used in processed foods and beverages to impart desirable organoleptic qualities and to provide the specific flavour profile traditionally associated with certain food products. Unlike many substances which are added to food to achieve a technological purpose, the use of flavouring substances is generally self-limiting and governed by the flavour intensity required to provide the necessary organoleptic appeal. Thus, flavouring substances are used generally in low concentrations resulting in human exposures that are very low. (

This paper goes on to state: 3.1  Structure-activity relationships and metabolic fate

Without exception, flavouring substances are volatile organic chemicals. The vast majority of flavourings ingredients have simple, well characterized structures with a single functional group and low molecular weight (< 300). More than 700 of the 1323 chemically defined flavouring substances used in food in the U.S. are simple aliphatic acyclic and alicyclic alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and related esters, lactones, ketals, and acetals.

Other structural categories include aromatic (e.g., cinnamaldehydes and amhranilates), heteroaromatic (e.g., pyrazines and pyrroles) and heterocyclic (e.g., furanones and thiofurans) substances with characteristic organoleptic properties (e.g., furanones providing a strawberry note). For most flavouring substances, the structural differences are small. Incremental changes in carbon chain length and the position of a functional group or hydrocarbon chain typically describe the structural variation in groups of related flavouring substances. These systematic changes in structure provide the basis for understanding the effect of structure on the chemical and biological properties of a substance.

Toxicity is dependent on the chemical structure and metabolism of a substance. The “decision tree” procedure (Cramer  et al., 1978) relies primarily on chemical structure and estimates of total human intake to assess toxic hazard and to establish priorities for appropriate testing. The procedure utilizes recognized pathways of metabolic deactivation and activation, data on toxicity, and the presence of the substance as a component of traditional foods and as an endogenous metabolite. Substances are classified according to three categories:

Class I   –      Substances of simple chemical structure and efficient modes of metabolism which would suggest a low order of oral toxicity (e.g., butyl alcohol or isoamyl butyrate).

Class II  –      Contains structures that are intermediate. They possess structures that are less innocuous than substances in Class I, but do not contain structural features suggestive of toxicity like those substances in Class III. Members of Class II may contain reactive functional groups (e.g., furfuryl alcohol, methyl 2-octynoate, and allyl propionate).

Class III –      Substances of a chemical structure that permit no strong initial presumption of safety, or may even suggest significant toxicity (e.g., 2-phenyl-3-carbethoxy furan and benzoin).

The decision tree is a tool for classifying flavour ingredients according to levels of concern. The majority of flavouring substances fall into Class I because they are simple alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, acids or their corresponding esters, acetals and ketals that occur naturally in food and, in many cases, are endogenous substances. They are rapidly metabolized to innocuous products (e.g., carbon dioxide, hippuric acid, and acetic acid) by well recognized reactions catalyzed by cellular enzymes that exhibit high specificity and high catalytic efficiency (e.g., alcohol dehydrogenase and isovaleryl coenzyme A dehydrogenase). Substances that do not undergo detoxication via these highly efficient pathways (e.g., fatty acid pathway and citric acid cycle) are metabolized by reactions catalyzed by enzymes of low specificity and relatively low efficiency (e.g., cytochrome P-450 and glutathione transferase). For some groups of substances (e.g., branched-chain carboxylic acids, allyl esters, and linear aliphatic acyclic ketones), metabolic thresholds for intoxication have been identified (Krasavage  et al., 1980; Deisinger  et al., 1994; Jaeschke  et al., 1987). The dose range, over which a well-defined change in metabolic pathway occurs, generally correlates with the dose range over which a transition occurs from a no-observed-adverse-effect level to an adverse-effect level. For such groups of substances the dose range at which this transition occurs is orders of magnitude greater than the level of exposure from use as flavour ingredients.

Most substances in Class II belong to either of two categories; one includes substances with functional groups which are similar to, but somewhat more reactive than functional groups in Class I (e.g., allyl and alkyne); the other includes substances with more complex structures than substances in Class I, but that are common components of food. This category includes heterocyclic substances (e.g., 4-methylthiazole) and terpene ketones (e.g., carvone).

The majority of the flavouring substances within Class III include heterocyclic and heteroaromatic substances and cyclic ethers.

Many of the heterocyclic and heteroaromatic substances have sidechains with reactive functional groups. In a few cases, metabolism may destroy the heteroaromaticity of the ring system (e.g., furan).

Although metabolism studies have been performed for Class III flavouring substances with elevated levels of exposure, the metabolic fate of many substances in this structural class cannot be confidently predicted. Review of the group of substances in each of the structural classes indicates that as structural complexity increases (Class I – III), the number of flavouring substances and the levels of exposure decrease significantly (Table 3). In all structural classes, one-quarter or more of the flavouring substances are consumed at levels below 0.01 µg/day or 0.2 µg/kg bw/day.

According to the World Health Organization:

With regards to the aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons (which includes, camphene, b-caryophyllen, d-limonene, myrcene, a-phellandrene, a-pinene, b-pinene, terpinolene, bisabolene, valencene, 3,7-Dimethyl-1,3,6-octatriene, gamma-3-carene, farnesense, b-bourbonene, cadinene and isomers, guaiene, and a few others). These compounds have been found in coffee, alcoholic beverages, baked and fried potatoes, bread, tea, and cheese. The substance with the highest natural occurrence is d-limonene.

The estimated daily per capita intakes of d-limonene in Europe and the USA are approximately 40000micrograms and 13000micrograms, respectively. Myrcene (No. 1327), a- and b-pinene (Nos 1329 and 1330, respectively), terpinolene (No. 1331), b-caryophyllene (No. 1324), a-phellandrene (No. 1328), and p-mentha-1,4-diene (No. 1340) account for most of the remaining (approximately 26–27%) total annual volume of production. The estimated daily per capita intakes of these flavouring agents are in the range of 92 to 8300mocrogams in Europe and 70 to 2400micrograms in the USA.

Absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination
Being lipophilic, the aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons in this group are likely to cross biological membranes by passive diffusion. After oral and inhalation exposure, they are rapidly absorbed and distributed to body tissues, elimination from blood being triphasic, with a slow terminal phase.

On the basis of the available data, it is anticipated that all the aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons in this group will participate in similar pathways of metabolic detoxification in mammals, including humans.

After absorption, these hydrocarbons are oxidized to polar oxygenated metabolites via cytochrome P450 enzymes and alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenases. The aliphatic and alicyclic substances are oxidized either by side-chain oxidation or by epoxidation of an exocyclic or endocyclic double bond. Alkyl oxidation initially yields hydroxylated metabolites that may be excreted in conjugated form or undergo further oxidation, yielding more polar metabolites that are also excreted in conjugated form in the urine. If a double bond is present, epoxide metabolites may form and these metabolites are
detoxified either by hydrolysis to yield diols, or by conjugation with glutathione.

In the class of aromatic hydrocarbons, essential oil components include: p-cymene, p-a-dimethylstyrene, biphenyl, 4-methylbiphenyl, and 1-methylnaphthalene.

Absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination of aromatic hydrocarbons
Being lipophilic, the aromatic hydrocarbons in this group are likely to cross biological membranes by passive diffusion. Available data on pcymene and biphenyl indicate that these materials are readily absorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract, widely distributed in the body, metabolized and excreted mainly in the urine.

On the basis of the available data, it is anticipated that the aromatic hydrocarbons in this group will participate in similar pathways of metabolic detoxification in mammals, including humans. After absorption, these hydrocarbons are oxidized to polar oxygenated metabolites via cytochrome P450 enzymes and alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenases. The major metabolic pathway of aromatic terpene hydrocarbons involves hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450- mediated oxidation of ring side-chains, yielding alcohols, aldehydes, and acids. The metabolites are then conjugated with glycine, glucuronic acid, or glutathione, and excreted in the urine and/or bile. The biotransformation of biphenyl proceeds via ring hydroxylation, preferentially at the C-4 position, yielding phenolic derivatives that are subsequently metabolized to glucuronide and sulfate conjugates, which are excreted in the urine.


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Interesting article on pain relief using essential Oils by Dr Mercola

Three Alternative Strategies That Can Address Severe Chronic Pain

Discovering Essential Oils

Shortly after that, he met a woman who gave him a bottle of an essential oil. “She says, ‘Honey, just put this wherever it hurts and all your pain is going to go away’ … I remember putting it in my bag and rolling away thinking, ‘Come on. I’ve got the best doctors in the world who get me the best, strongest medications. And your little oil, it’s kind of a joke to me,’” DeBrincat says.

He admits he knew nothing about essential oils, and the oil sat in his bag, untouched, for five weeks. During a vacation, his wife ended up using it while giving him a massage one day. Remarkably, it eased his pain. That was five years ago, and for the first time, he felt no pain anywhere.

“I just sat bawling and crying,” he says. He’d been in pain for so long, he’d forgotten what it felt like to be pain free. With the computer in his spine, he could normally walk 20 to 30 steps max at a time. If he pushed further, he’d be bedridden for days.

That day, he set the pedometer on his watch and started walking. “I walked 5,700 steps,” he says. “I could not believe it.” The next morning, he was still pain free. From there, he went on to study essential oils.

“I found eight different oils that remodeled all the tissue in my spine. I put them on and it would bring me to a pain level 5 from a 10,” he says. “Then somebody who knew a whole lot more about oils looked at my list and goes, ‘You know what? Just turn your list upside down and do it in the other order. When you do it that way, it’s going to have a much greater effect on you.’

I did that and, oh my goodness, it went to pain level zero. Now, I could be pain-free completely for literally 12 hours before any pain came back. I would do it twice a day …

The body is remodeling itself. The oils that are helping remodel tissue are literally getting in there with the DNA when it makes 3 billion copies of itself before it finds the cleanest one to go into the new cell. It helps take out debris, damage, toxins, scars … so that you can give back to your root cell, which is the purest form before you had all your problems …

I did this back protocol for 90 days, then stopped. Within 24 hours, I was right back in this horrible pain again … I went another 90 days and then stopped, and made it four days before any pain came back. Now, this was a second epiphany, because now I really, honest to God, believed I was getting better … [I did] another 90 days and then stopped. That was August 2014. I’ve never had to do that protocol for my back since.”

He used peppermint Siberian fir cypress for his essential oils, Remarkably, the stenosis in his neck and low back is now gone, herniations throughout his spine are gone, as is his arthritis. Even the scars on his back have radically improved.

“I got my life back. I was so passionate. I could teach again. Anybody who saw me walking was like, ‘This is an absolute true miracle. I can’t believe what I’m seeing. Are you a twin brother?’ I taught continuing education in a wheelchair for a lot of years. For them to see me walking was astonishing.”

Essential Oil Benefits
Essential oils are volatile compounds found in grasses, trees, roots, bark, leaves and flowers. Essential oils in general are about 50 to 70 times more powerful than herbs, so must be used sparingly. Quality and purity are of the utmost importance when seeking medicinal benefits, so it’s important to do your homework.
“Some of them help wake you up, like peppermint oil. One drop of peppermint on your hand, rub your hands together, hold it in front of your nose; in 15 seconds, you’re going to have about 20 percent more oxygen in your brain.
Some of these oils are so small they can go right through your blood-brain barrier and actually enhance your mood and change the way you’re feeling. That’s phenomenal as far as people who are depressed and have anxiety and so forth.”
DeBrincat found there’s a definite synergy between the brain mapping and the oils. Using qEEG, he could see the effect of an essential oil on the brain, often in as little as 30 seconds, either calming down an overexcited area or waking up a low-functioning region.
Essential oils also work as adaptogens. For example, the same oil that works to calm anxiety will work to ease depression, which are two poles on the spectrum. Helichrysum is a blood adaptogen. “I put that over my heart every day,” DeBrincat says.
“If my blood’s too thick, it’s going to thin it. If my blood’s too thin, it’s going to help thicken it. Oils are very intuitive in nature to know what properties you need. The way it does that is by using different vibrations on both sides of the active ingredient to be able to illicit different responses with the same oil.”

For more details click Here

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The importance of Organic Soil and Lady Eve Balfour

A very moving 4 minute interview video about the importance of the quality of organic soil or earth, and the formation of the Soil Association by Lady Eve Balfour, I like the last thing said in the video.

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Top 11 Reasons to Start Using Frankincense Oil
Written by Dr. Joseph MercolaFact Checked

January 10, 2019

Essential oils carry biologically active volatile compounds in a highly-concentrated form that can provide therapeutic benefits in very small amounts
Frankincense essential oil — commonly referred to as the King of Oils — is made from the resin of either the Boswellia sacra or Boswellia carterii tree
Frankincense essential oil is pale yellow-green with a woody, earthy and spicy aroma. Traditionally used in many religious holy rites, it is also commonly used as an ingredient in perfumes and skin care products
Substances found in frankincense essential oil have been scientifically shown to speed wound healing, reduce inflammation and stress, boost immune function, improve oral and uterine health, treat respiratory issues and digestive disorders, promote sleep and fight cancer
Several studies have demonstrated that alpha-pinene, a bioactive ingredient in frankincense oil, induces cell death in cancer cells, including malignant melanoma cells, breast cancer and pancreatic cancer cells
30 Tips in 30 Days Designed to Help You Take Control of Your Health

This article is included in Dr. Mercola’s All-Time Top 30 Health Tips series. Every day during the month of January, a new tip will be added that will help you take control of your health. Want to see the full list? Click here.

Scents can have a powerful influence on your well-being. Aromatherapy, which uses concentrated essences of various botanicals, allows you to harness the olfactory power of plants for healing on many levels. Essential oils carry biologically active volatile compounds in a highly-concentrated form that can provide therapeutic benefits in very small amounts.

There are hundreds and many thousands of essential oils available if you factor in combinations, each with its own potential benefits. That said, one essential oil that stands out above the crowd is frankincense essential oil — commonly referred to as the King of Oils — made from the resin of either the Boswellia sacra or Boswellia carterii tree.

Boswellia trees grow in African and Arabian regions, including Yemen, Oman, Somalia and Ethiopia. The oil is pale yellow-green with a woody, earthy and spicy aroma. Frankincense oil is traditionally used in many religious holy rites, and as an ingredient in perfumes and skin care products.

Composition of Frankincense Oil
Its main chemical constituents are alpha-pinene, octanol, linalool, octyl acetate, bornyl acetate, incensole and incensyl acetate. Monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes are thought to be the most valuable elements of frankincense oil.

According to the “Studies in Natural Products Chemistry: Bioactive Natural Products, Part H,”1 monoterpenes work in the liver and kidneys, and lower cholesterol activity in the liver. Some monoterpenes have antiseptic, antibacterial, antiviral, antitumor2 and expectorant3 properties.

Sesquiterpenes may cross the blood-brain barrier, as seen in this 2013 animal study,4 and help stimulate the limbic system, aka the emotional center, of your brain. This stimulates secretions of antibodies, serotonin, endorphins and neurotransmitters which can influence your mood and emotions.5

Quality frankincense oil is nontoxic and generally nonirritating.6 That said, it’s always best to perform a skin test before using it undiluted on your body. Should any irritation occur, be sure to dilute it with a carrier oil.

Health Benefits of Frankincense Oil
Anecdotally, many swear by its healing powers, and substances found in frankincense essential oil — such as alpha-pinene and boswellic acid — have been scientifically shown to impart a number of health benefits, including:7

1. Speeding up wound healing8

2. Fight the appearance of stretch marks, age spots and wrinkles9

3. Reducing inflammation and inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis10 and bronchial asthma11,12

4. Reducing stress hormones13,14

5. Boosting immune function15,16

6. Improving oral health by preventing bad breath, cavities, toothaches, mouth sores and other infections17,18

7. Supporting uterine health in women by regulating estrogen production. It also helps regulate the menstrual cycle in premenopausal women19

8. Treating respiratory issues such as colds, allergies, asthma and bronchitis by reducing phlegm buildup and congestion20

9. Promoting sleep21

10. Improving digestion and treating digestive disorders such as chronic colitis, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease22

11. Fighting cancer23,24,25,26,27,28

Frankincense is also one of the best oils to use for the removal of skin tags. One recent study29 confirmed that frankincense essential oil is bioactive and affects human gene expression, upregulating at least 42 and downregulating 41 genes, stating that “Many of these signaling pathways are closely related to the biological processes of inflammation, immune response, and tissue remodeling in human cells.” The researchers also noted that:

“Alpha-pinene, the top constituent of FREO [frankincense essential oil], is widely recognized as the major anti-inflammatory component of FREO. Alpha-pinene showed anti-inflammatory properties in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and mouse macrophages through inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, nitric oxide, and mitogen activated protein kinases.

An in vitro study showed that isolated alpha-pinene had the ability to reduce the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Another study found that alpha-pinene inhibited the nuclear translocation of NF-kB induced by lipopolysaccharide in THP-1 cells, explaining its benefits in the treatment of upper and lower airway diseases.

Recent research has also provided evidence that alpha-pinene has some immune-enhancing properties, particularly regarding enhanced T-cell activity.

In two related studies, the effects on human immune function of essential oils from trees were investigated. In both studies,30,31 it was found that exposure to alpha-pinene increased T-cell activity and decreased stress hormone levels.”

Frankincense Exhibits Cancer Cell-Specific Cytotoxicity
While research is still scarce, a small number of studies have looked at frankincense oil’s anticancer potential, finding positive results. For example:

• A 2011 study32 looking at alpha-pinene’s effect on malignant melanoma, the most aggressive and dangerous form of skin cancer, found alpha-pinene induced apoptosis in melanoma cells. According to the authors:

“Our results demonstrated that α-pinene was able to induce apoptosis evidenced by early disruption of the mitochondrial potential, production of reactive oxygen species, increase in caspase-3 activity, heterochromatin aggregation, DNA fragmentation and exposure of phosphatidyl serine on the cell surface.

Most importantly, this molecule was very effective in the treatment of experimental metastatic melanoma reducing the number of lung tumor nodules. This is the first report on the apoptotic and antimetastatic activity of isolated α-pinene.”

• That same year, another study33 found Boswellia sacra essential oil induces tumor cell-specific apoptosis in human breast cancer cells and suppresses tumor aggressiveness. Here, the authors noted that:

“More abundant high molecular weight compounds, including boswellic acids, were present in Boswellia sacra essential oil prepared at 100oC hydrodistillation. All three human breast cancer cell lines were sensitive to essential oil treatment with reduced cell viability and elevated cell death, whereas the immortalized normal human breast cell line was more resistant to essential oil treatment.

Boswellia sacra essential oil hydrodistilled at 100oC was more potent than the essential oil prepared at 78oC in inducing cancer cell death, preventing the cellular network formation … causing the breakdown of multicellular tumor spheroids … and regulating molecules involved in apoptosis, signal transduction and cell cycle progression.

Similar to our previous observations in human bladder cancer cells, Boswellia sacra essential oil induces breast cancer cell-specific cytotoxicity.

Suppression of cellular network formation and disruption of spheroid development of breast cancer cells by Boswellia sacra essential oil suggest that the essential oil may be effective for advanced breast cancer. Consistently, the essential oil represses signaling pathways and cell cycle regulators that have been proposed as therapeutic targets for breast cancer … ”

• In 2012, researchers found34 frankincense essential oil made from Boswellia sacra induces cell death in human pancreatic cancer cells as well.

• A study35 published in 2014 reported that frankincense essential oil selectively induced apoptosis in cancer cells via NRF-2-mediated oxidative stress.

How to Use Frankincense and Other Essential Oils
Essential oils can be used in a number of different ways. For example, you can:

Add a drop or two to a teaspoonful of your favorite carrier oil; moringa oil and coconut oil are just two examples of many
Add a few drops of the essential oil to your bath to create an aromatic soak. Your body may also absorb some of the oil. To prevent the oil from separating and floating on the surface of the water, first mix the oil with a small amount of full-fat milk
Apply a drop or two of frankincense on your pulse points during meditation or yoga. Keep in mind that while frankincense can be used neat (undiluted), other oils must be diluted with a carrier oil before applying to your skin
Apply a few drops of oil to a hot compress
Diffuse the oil in a diffuser or vaporizer made specifically for essential oils (do not add to standard humidifiers)
Quality Is of the Essence
When it comes to essential oils, quality is paramount. First of all, what we’re talking about here is pure, therapeutic grade essential oils from plants, not synthetic fragrance oils or perfumes, which can be toxic and typically contain allergenic compounds.

But even among essential oils the quality can vary widely, and assessing the quality of any given brand can be difficult, as factors such as growing conditions and methods of harvesting, distillation, manufacture and storage can all affect the final product.

Boswellia trees can produce different colored resins. Brown-yellow and muddy frankincense are touted as the cheapest and most readily accessible, while silver and clear frankincense are considered high-quality. The University of Minnesota36 offers helpful guidance regarding international standard-setting agencies and considerations to take into account when looking for an essential oil.

One of the most important considerations is to look for a statement of purity. What you’re looking for is 100 percent essential oil (meaning it has not been diluted, altered or mixed with anything else). Price can be a tipoff. If it’s really cheap, it’s probably a reflection of poor quality.

Improve Your Health With Frankincense Essential Oil
Frankincense oil is probably one of the safest and most beneficial essential oils you can use to support your health. It may also be a good choice if you want to improve your prayer or meditation sessions, as it helps promote feelings of peace, comfort and relaxation, as well as combating stress.

Despite its safety, it may not be suitable for everyone. If you experience any kind of adverse reaction, stop using it. Always do a small skin patch test before using on larger areas of your body, and dilute if needed.

According to the National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy, frankincense essential oil diluted with a carrier oil is safe to use during pregnancy, and Autism Parenting magazine recommends it for children on the autism spectrum and/or for those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.37 Using Essential Oils Safely38 also lists frankincense as an essential oil safe to use for children.

That said, according to RxList,39 frankincense oil may cause diarrhea, nausea, stomach pain and rash. There are also indications that boswellia may have blood-thinning effects, and also can interfere with prescription anticoagulants such as warfarin,40 so people with blood clotting issues should use it with caution.

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Bees and NHR Organic Oils essential oils use

Kolinka has invited one of our NHR Organic Oil customers, Jim Turnball to share some of this thoughts on his natural beekeeping philosophy and the ways that he utilises NHR Organic essenital oils in his bee hives. All around the world, honey bees are struggling to stay healthy and maintain their hives. Chemical treatments and the use of imported bees from afar show us that our modern ways of beekeeping are unsustainable. The Natural Beekeeping Trust believes that we must understand, respect and support the essential biological needs of the bee in a holistic way – it’s called bee-centred beekeeping. We provide links below for further information.

Jim Turnbull has been collecting swarms for some time now, Jim gives the queen plenty of room to move around and keeps inspections to a minimum which he believes are stressful to the bees.

Full inspections are very stressful to bees and I try to keep these to the absolute minimum. Before you tear their home apart ask yourself if or why it is necessary for you to invade their home.

When you must invade, plan ahead and work gently and methodically.

I use the essential oil spray during inspections rather than smoke whenever possible although there are a few occasions when I do still use a smoker (or both in tandem) t is apparent how calm the bees are during and after an inspection when using essential oil syrup spray rather than smoke, but who can blame them? Would you rather have a visitor blowing smoke through your windows and doors causing fire panic, or a visitor who brings gifts of your favourite food to feast on while they take a look around?

Below are some of the oils that Jim has found beneficial to his bees:

Organic Thyme: Used widely in beekeeping to combat varroa mites although it is absolutely critical to follow recommended doses.

Organic Wintergreen: Used for the control of tracheal mites and small hive beetles.

Organic Lemongrass: The smell of lemongrass is believed to mimic pheromones produced by worker bees. Lemongrass is used in a variety of ways, for example as a food supplement as an anti-fungal and anti-viral. It also is useful in a spray bottle to calm bees and also when introducing a
new queen.

Organic Spearmint: Used in conjunction with lemongrass during feeding to improve hive health and is also useful against varroa mites.

Organic Tea Tree: Used to control mites and can be interchanged with wintergreen.

Please note that although essential oils are natural, they are not natural to bees necessarily. Always use the best quality, food grade oils and it is critical to follow recommended doses.

Essential oil and beekeeping by Jim Turnbull
These notes have been produced with the presumption that the reader has some previous practical experience in beekeeping. I use these mixes exclusively and NOT in addition to any other propriety beekeeping treatments available.
First make stock syrup of appropriate essential oil mix and keep in a screw top bottle for use as required.
Use the stock syrup as two teaspoons (10ml) per 1ltr (ratio = 1/100) of 1:1 sugar water Syrup spring and summer or similarly add two teaspoons per litre to 2:1 autumn feeding syrup.
Stock syrup recipe for spring and summer
IMPORTANT; Use only FOOD GRADE pure ORGANIC essential oils
(I use NHR Organic essential oils)
Water 18 fl oz or (½ litre) note* 20 fl oz = 1 UK pint
1 ¼ lbs / 567g of sugar
1/4 teaspoon lecithin granules (used as an emulsifier) dissolved in a little warm water
8 drops spearmint oil (Mentha spicata)
8 drops lemongrass oil (Cymbopogon citratus) (makes 900 ml)
WARNING; this stock solution will have a strong scent when added to feed and should not be left open around bees, they simply can’t resist it!
Stock syrup recipe for autumn feed
Recipe as above but substitute the essential oils for;
Wintergreen 7 drops (Gaultheria procumbens)

Thyme 7 drops (Thymus vulgaris ct Linalol)

Tea tree 2 drops (Melaleuca alternifolia)
To make the stock syrup
Stir the lecithin granules into 2 tablespoons of warm water, keep stirring until dissolved.
Heat the water and stir in the sugar until dissolved. Once the sugar has thoroughly dissolved, remove from the heat and allow to cool until warm to the touch (be cautious! syrup can scald badly)
Using a whisk or machine liquidiser, add the lecithin and the essential oils. Stir until everything is emulsified and thoroughly mixed.
Store stock syrup in well sealed screw top bottle and shake before using as required.
Use two teaspoon (10ml) per 1ltr (ratio = 1/100) of 1:1 sugar water Syrup spring & summer or add to 2:1 autumn feeding syrup.
Essential oil in beekeeping notes.
(Spring and summer)
1, swarm lure (in stock syrup concentration) dampen a small piece of lint or cotton ball with stock solution and place inside your swarm bait hive.
2, Use in 1/1 ratio sugar water syrup as feed supplement described above.
3, As a spray, also in 1/1 ratio sugar water syrup instead of smoker (also as spray throughout inspection to encourage grooming)

(Autumn and winter)
1, Use in 2/1 ratio sugar water syrup as autumn feed supplement
2, Winter fondant; Add the same amount of essential oil drops as winter stock syrup recipe to 4kg of bakers fondant or (bee candy)

Note. If you are making your own fondant, add the essential oils when the fondant has cooled to body temperature.
Place in containers directly over the bee cluster.

Please note that quality pure essential oils are strong, please use sparingly and as suggested.
Both above mixes have the additional benefit of inhibiting fungal mould growth in feed syrup.

I have developed these mixtures and methods over c6years with positive results and no apparent ill effect to my bees. Indeed, I have found that varroa drop has always been well within accepted drop count and that colonies stay healthy and build strongly in springtime.

There are other considerations when using these syrups, especially as a spring summer mix feed;
1, I use the syrup feed as a supplement only, it’s important to note that bees should always have enough honey in store to last them through the severest winter. The syrup and fondant is a ‘Belt and bracers’ guard against starvation. I have witnessed colonies that have starved throughout winter, even with honey stores close by, simply because it has been too cold for them to break cluster and feed on nearby honey stores. My thoughts are that I’d rather the fondant be there above the cluster if needed, even if they don’t use it.
2, The spring summer mix is irresistible to bees. When used as a smoke substitute first spray a little on the entrance block before opening for inspection. The guard bees will be so busy mopping up this free ‘manna from heaven’ that they will simply ignore any normal activity from the beekeeper.
When the roof is removed and the cover-board cracked open to lift prior to removal, spray a little inside the top of the frames and the outer frames as you lift them to keep the house bees busy mopping up too, they will hardly notice you are there at all. Thereafter, use your spray lightly throughout inspection as necessary. It is important not to over spray or spill any feed outside the hive.
If you are unsure about this spray effectiveness, light your smoker and use as normal in conjunction with the spray until you are confident enough to use the spray alone.
3, Please be aware that the spring summer mix can encourage robbing and you should ensure that the colony is either strong enough to defend when used or that the entrance is reduced to one bee space throughout the feeding period.
4, when used as a feeding supplement, continue refilling the feeder until the bees stop or slow down in taking the syrup.

I’m sure if you ask 10 beekeepers for advice you would get an equal amount of different thoughts, briefly, here are some of mine.
Bees have been around for millennia and I’m fairly certain they will be around as long as the earth keeps spinning, irrespective of what their worst enemy, mankind, throws at them. Bees can tell you a lot if you only take time to watch, listen and interpret their signals
I have been collecting swarms for some time now and I’ve never found a swarm to be diseased or with bees suffering from a high varroa count, either from a feral swarm or otherwise
I use commercial hives on a double brood or brood and a half minimum and under normal circumstances do not use queen excluders, preferring to give the queen lots of room with freedom of the whole hive.
Full inspections are very stressful to bees and I try to keep these to the absolute minimum. Before you tear their home apart ask yourself if or why it is necessary for you to invade their home.
When you must invade, plan ahead and work gently and methodically.

I use the essential oil spray during inspections rather than smoke whenever possible although there are a few occasions when I do still use a smoker (or both in tandem)
It is apparent how calm the bees are during and after an inspection when using essential oil syrup spray rather than smoke, but who can blame them? Would you rather have a visitor blowing smoke through your windows and doors causing fire panic, or a visitor who brings gifts of your favourite food to feast on while they take a look around?

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Mothers Day March 6th

Mothers Day – 6th March 2016.

With Mothers Day just around the corner, why not treat that special person in your life to a luxurious gift. Here are some of our favourite organic products to give you some inspiration for that special person, please click here
MOTHERS DAY GIFTSWe would like to offer 10% off on all orders for Mothers Day, just quote MUM10 at the checkout.

(Offer expiries on 7/3/16).

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New PayPal Express Checkout for Mobile phones and tablets and PC’s has just been added to NHR Organic Oils Website


NHR Organic Oils New Paypal Express Checkout and Mobile phone users

We  have just introduced an a super fast and  easy Express Paypal checkout on our website to make it easy to order on your mobile phone and tablet or PC, it is for new non account customers, so you don’t have to enter any address or card details making it super fast and easy to order organic oils. The Express Paypal checkout will only appear if you not logged in to your account. Account holders can already pay by Paypal and don’t have to enter any personal details anyway.

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Happy Christmas Shopping with NHR Organic Oils 20% DISCOUNT & FREE DELIVERY

Welcome to our Winter Newsletter.

We are all wishing you a very Happy Christmas.

Through this Winter, these precious, beautiful, organic oils can help us keep balance, health and light in our lives, as they connect us deeply to the source of nature and its healing essence.

We all at NHR Organic Oils want to thank you for your support and enthusiasm. May Christmas be filled with joy, excitement, happiness and peace.

Much love,

Kolinka & the NHR Organic Oils team.




 Friday 27th & Saturday 28th November

(UK time) terms apply, click here> for details.



Please choose the FREE DELIVERY OPTION when you check out.

Please note that the dispatch time will be longer than normal due to the high volume of orders expected on this promotion, however, all orders will be sent with our courier, and we will ensure they are with you before Christmas.

If you don’t want to wait that long, please select the 1st Class option, this may be a little longer than 3 days but we will use our courier for a more secure delivery date.

If your order is very urgent please choose the EXPRESS option at the check out and give us a call if it’s after 8am so we can ensure we process the order in time.

We will be offering FREE DELIVERY in the UK as a standard option beyond our promotion. The dispatch time will be up to 6 days, so if you do need your order quickly, please choose one of the paid options.

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The perfect treat for Christmas, this dark chocolate is flavoured with NHR Organic Essential Oils and contains real gold leaf! CLICK HERE> to buy now.



Please allow up to 20 days to receive a dispatch notice email on orders placed on the promotion day.

We will ensure your orders are received the week before Christmas. A guaranteed next day delivery service is available for an extra surcharge if your order is urgent, you can select this at the check out. 

Please note that we are a small bespoke business, and we bottle and blend our products by hand to order, to ensure the freshest product is sent to you.

We hope you can appreciate that this means we can not always send orders as quickly as large corporations, but we feel our products and service is far more precious because of the care in putting them together and hope that you agree they are worth the wait. 



We will be open until Thursday 24th December this year, and will continue to dispatch orders on this date.

The last date for guaranteed before Christmas delivery service in the UK is Monday 21st December 2015.

We will be closed from Thursday 25th December and re-open on Wednesday 6th January 2015. You can still place orders during this period, and we will process them from the 6th January.

We wish you all a wonderful and happy Christmas & many new beginnings in 2016!

With love,

All at NHR Organic Oils

shopfront turqbluesnowWEBLARGE

*20% DISCOUNT ~Discount is not in addition to any other discounts, and is only applicable to retail size products. Excludes books & chocolates.


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3 New Job opportunities at NHR ORGANIC OILS

NHR Organic Oils is expanding as more and more people worldwide become aware of the importance of using pure organic certified oils.

So, we are looking for genuinely lovely and interested people to join our successful, fast growing business.

Firstly we are looking for a new company manager as Laura who has been with us for 6.5 years will be leaving at the end of the year.

Company Manager

We would like someone who is passionate about our products and ethics to join the company and bring with them qualities that support the staff, clients and business as a whole -someone who can oversea the general running of the business, but with lots of ideas and a willingness to learn and develop.

Responsibilities are very varied and include the following roles:

  • HR
  • Payroll
  • Accounts
  • Client relations
  • Stock control
  • Office Management
  • Stock Takes
  • Soil Association relations
  • Supplier relations
  • Mill Retreat Centre Booking management.

You do not need to be an expert in essential oils, but you must have an interest and enthusiasm.

This is a wonderful opportunity with great scope for development.

Workshop Staff

We are also looking for team members to support us in our workshop.

We batch and blend all our products by hand, so someone who is steady with their hands and has an eye for detail is important -we have noticed that people with a creative nature usually take to this type of work naturally and enjoy it.  You also need to be able to work in harmony with a team of people and be willing to do a range of tasks from bottling and labelling our amazing oils to washing up, recycling, and calling clients.

We are looking for full time, permanent people who can see themselves growing with the business as there is room for development in many areas.

Part time roles will also be considered as we understand the importance of work/life balance.

If you are interested in any of the above opportunities please email the following details to:

  • A copy of your CV
  • A little about you self and why you would like to work with us.

All positions are available immediately.

Salary’s to be negotiated.

Feel free to forward this letter to anyone you feel may be suitable.


With love, all at NHR Organic Oils


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